History of Aberystwyth
1960-1980


1960

May 16: Laser

1st working laser built by Theodore Maiman in USA

World Population


-6000
0.01
-4000
0.02
-2000
0.03
-1000
0.05
- 500
0.10
1
0.20
1000
0.31
1750
0.79
1800
0.98
1850
1.26
1900
1.65
1950
2.52
1955
2.76
1960
2.98
1965
3.33
1970
3.69
1975
4.07
1980
4.43
1985
4.83
1990
5.26
1995
5.67
2000
6.07
2005
6.45
2010
6.89
in Billions

Religion

32/34 Great Darkgate St,(where Welsh Calvinistic Methodists formed in 1823), is demolished, (now Supersave)

1961

April 12: Space Man

Soviets put 1st man into space - Yuri Gagarin

October 30: Bomb

Soviet's detonate The Emperor a multistage hydrogen bomb. Even though it was scaled down to half yield for this test, at 50 megatons it remains the most powerful man made explosion.

Chess

British Chess Championships held in Aberystwyth.

November 8: Drink

Referendum results show that Ceredigion did not want to allow Sunday opening of pubs.

1962

December 14: Peek at Venus

American spacecraft Mariner 2 - scanned Venus as it flew by.

Town Hall #4

Town Hall re-opened after rebuilding following the 1957 fire.[7]

August 4: Welsh Language

'Welsh Language Society' formed and made its headquarters in Aberystwyth

Physical Sciences

Completion of the Physical Sciences Building on Penglias Campus (which would featured on a postage stamp from 1971. An innovative feature is the curved western face helping to heat the building by catching sun's rays at any time of day. (This innovation was made ineffective simply by placing the heating system's only thermostat in the rear part of the building which is always in the shade.)

Stamp featuring Physical Sciences Building on Penglias Campus
Stamp featuring Physical Sciences Building

May: Lifeboat Centenary

Aberystwyth Lifeboat Centenary Celebrations


1962-1963

December 22-March 3: Harsh Winter

Severe winter - started 22nd of December and didn't ease up till the 3rd of March. Diesel froze in tractors.

1963

Mouse

Computer Mouse invented (cf The trackball of 1952)

Seilo

Facade of Seilo rebuilt[7]

Flooding

Serious flooding in Aberystwyth

Davies Bryan Hall

Known as DB by the students, Davies Bryan Hall was opened on Penglais campus[17]

February 23: Welsh Language Protest

The first protest by the newly formed, Aberystwyth based, 'Welsh Language Society' was held on Trefechan bridge.

Sept 7: Rolling Stones

Rolling Stones play at the Kings Hall

Sept: Bronglais

Foundation stone of bronglais hospital is laid.

1964

April 7: Reusable software

IBM announced the System/360: a range of computers that could all run the same software

Southern Railway Closed

Tourism has declined to such an extent that railway line to Carmarthen is closed.

Slaughterhouse

Slaughterhouse closed

Alban Davies

Known as AD by the students, Alban Davies Hall opened on Penglais campus[17]

May: Sports Hall

Sports Hall opened on Penglais campus

October: Librarianship

College of Librarianship Wales opened in Llanbadarn Fawr

1965

World Population


-6000
0.01
-4000
0.02
-2000
0.03
-1000
0.05
- 500
0.10
1
0.20
1000
0.31
1750
0.79
1800
0.98
1850
1.26
1900
1.65
1950
2.52
1955
2.76
1960
2.98
1965
3.33
1970
3.69
1975
4.07
1980
4.43
1985
4.83
1990
5.26
1995
5.67
2000
6.07
2005
6.45
2010
6.89
in Billions

Cool After Glow

A Penzias and R Wilson are having trouble removing a hiss from their new radio telescope. This hiss turns out to be the after glow of the big bang, now having dimmed to just 3.5Kelvin.

July 14-15: Peek at Mars

American spacecraft Mariner 4 - scanned Mars as it flew by.

Hanging

Commons vote to end hanging in UK

Expanding Campus

Llandinam building opened on Penglais campus
Rural science extension opened on Penglais campus
Ifor Evans Hall opened on Penglais campus[17]

June: Librarianship

New librarianship college opens

December: Crown Building

New Crown Building opens at Plas Crug

1966

February 6: Send us Pictures when you get there

Soviet spacecraft Luna 9 becomes the 1st to land on (as opposed to crash into) the moon and the 1st to send images from the surface of anything other than earth

April 3: Just Going for a Spin

Soviet spacecraft Luna 10 starts to orbit the moon and becomes the 1st man made object to orbit anything other the the earth or the sun

Bronglais Hospital

Workhouse demolished to make room for Bronglais Hospital

October: Bronglais Hospital

Patients are moved into the new Bronglais Hospital

1967

Expanding Campus

Botany extension opened on Penglais campus
Cwrt Mawr Hall opened on Penglais campus[17]

June: International Championships

Aberystwyth hosts the international tiddledywinks championship - With Wales playing Finland

June: Floods

Floods hit Aberystwyth

1968

September 21: Hurry Home

Soviet spacecraft Zond 5 becomes the 1st to go outside earth's orbit and return to earth

December 24: Hurry Home

American spacecraft Apollo 8 enters the moon's orbit and the crew become the people to orbit anything other than earth or sun

May: Prime Minister

Prime Minister Harold Wilson visits Aberystwyth to addresses the agricultural workers conference being held at the Kings Hall

May: Apartheid

Students protest against Pantycelyn becoming a Welsh language hall, claiming it to be an example of apartheid

November: Drink

Referendum results show that Ceredigion did not want to allow Sunday opening of pubs.

Plas Crug
Plas Crûg, is demolished.
This is the site of a castellated mansion built before the main Aberystwyth Castle of 1277.
However, it was claimed that none of the buildings shown (even the main tower) pre-dated
the 18th Century.

1969

Plascrug

Plascrug primary school opened [7]

April-June: Prince Charles

Prince Charles spends the summer term leaning Welsh at the University

July 20: Moon men

America put 1st men on moon - Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin

August: Ireland

Britain sends troops to Northern Ireland when sectarian rioting starts

October 29: Connected

The first 2 computers (One at the University of California, Los Angeles and the other at Stanford Research Institute) on what would eventually become the internet are connected. Ealier experiements achieved one-to-one communication to remote teminals over fixed connections but by using 'packet switching/routing' this system would allow computers to 'talk' to several other computers.

November 14: Fleetwood Mac

Fleetwood Mac play at the Union Ball held in the Kings Hall

1970

World Population


-6000
0.01
-4000
0.02
-2000
0.03
-1000
0.05
- 500
0.10
1
0.20
1000
0.31
1750
0.79
1800
0.98
1850
1.26
1900
1.65
1950
2.52
1955
2.76
1960
2.98
1965
3.33
1970
3.69
1975
4.07
1980
4.43
1985
4.83
1990
5.26
1995
5.67
2000
6.07
2005
6.45
2010
6.89
in Billions

November 17: Rover

Part of the Soviet's Luna 17 mission was Lunokhod 1 the 1st roving vehicle roam over anything other the earth.

December 15: Touching Venus

Soviet spacecraft Venera 7 becomes the 1st to land on another planet

Political

Aberystwyth university physics professor Phil Williams becomes the 1st chairman of Plaid Cymru - a post he held till 1976

Expanding Campus

Botany extension opened on Penglais campus
Great Hall completed on Penglais campus
1st part of Students Union opened on Penglais campus[17]

1971

Micro - Computer

4004 credited as the 1st single chip microprocessor

Computer Virus

Creeper - 1st computer virus

April 19: Space Station

The Soviet Union launch Salyut 1 which becomes the 1st space station

November 13: Mars Orbiter

American spacecraft Mariner 9 becomes the 1st to orbit another planet

November 27: Mars Lander A

The lander part of the Soviet spacecraft Mars 2 malfunctioned during descent through the Martian atmosphere. Though failing to be a lander is was th 1st man made object to reach the Martian surface

December 2: Mars Lander B

The lander part of the Soviet spacecraft Mars 3 made it to the surface of Mars, but only functioned long enough to send a partial image

May: Great Hall

Great Hall officially opened on Penglais campus

September: Welsh Agricultural College

Welsh Agricultural College opens in Llanbadarn

September 22: Stamp



Stamp featuring Physical Sciences Building on Penglias Campus
In a set of stamps from 1971 featuring
modern university buildings, the 1st value
shows the Physical Sciences Building on
Penglias Campus.

1972

Long Weekend

During miners strike energy supplies drop to the point where industry drops to a 3 day working week and domestic supplies are cut off part of the day.

1973

Looking Inside

An image was created by Paul Lauterbur using a strong magnetic field to 'excite' a sample and another field to help isolate the view to a small spot in the sample. By building up rows of spots into sheets a 2 dimensional slice can be seen through the body which includes soft tissue detail. This non-invasive technique is now called MRI

December 3: Peek at Jupiter

American spacecraft Pioneer 10 - scanned Jupiter as it flew by

Ardwyn Grammar

Ardwyn Grammar School (opened in 1896 as Aberystwyth County School) and Dinas Secondary Modern schools close. Penglais (English medium) and Penweddig (bilingual) Comprehensive schools open

Jan 16: Led Zeppelin

Led Zeppelin play at the Kings Hall

EEC

United kingdom admitted in to the EEC

1974

March 29: Peek at Mercury

American spacecraft Mariner 10 - scanned Mercury as it flew by.

March: Pot Soldiers

Chinese farmers find the Terracotta Army (over 8000 life-sized clay soldiers) guarding the tomb of Emperor Qin.

October 4: Thin Lizzy

Thin Lizzy play at the University

1975

Home Computer

The MITS Altair is credited as the 1st, production home computer

October 20: Circling Venus

Soviet's Venera 9 becomes the 1st spacecraft to orbit Venus

World Population


-6000
0.01
-4000
0.02
-2000
0.03
-1000
0.05
- 500
0.10
1
0.20
1000
0.31
1750
0.79
1800
0.98
1850
1.26
1900
1.65
1950
2.52
1955
2.76
1960
2.98
1965
3.33
1970
3.69
1975
4.07
1980
4.43
1985
4.83
1990
5.26
1995
5.67
2000
6.07
2005
6.45
2010
6.89
in Billions

November 5: Drink

Referendum results show that Ceredigion did not want to allow Sunday opening of pubs.

Movies

The cinema on Bath Street (over the years named: Imperial, Forum and Celtic) is opened in a new building, on the same site, now calling itself the Commodore

1976

Portable Computer

Although only about 10 working prototypes were ever made the Xerox NoteTaker credited as the 1st portable computer.

Museum

The Ceredigion Museum opens. The 1904 building was originally an entertainments arcade, becoming a cinema in 1931.

Flooding

Serious flooding in Aberystwyth

1978

May 3: Bulk e-mail

DEC sent out an e-mail inviting many people to a demo of the new DEC-20 computer. This is regarded and the 1st piece of spam

December 15: Optical Disks

1st optical disks go on sale. This Laserdisk technology will be refined into CD-ROMs and DVDs