History of Aberystwyth
1400-1500


1400

Holy Roman Drunk

Wenceslaus of Bohemia, the Holy Roman Emperor, is deposed for drunkenness and incompetence. He refuses to accept the decision and manages to hang onto the imperial crown for another 10 years.

1400-1408

1401

Siege

Owain Glyndwr laid siege to Aberystwyth Castle but only managed to burn the town.

1403

French Support

Owain Glyndwr returns to besiege the castle with the aid of France.
His troops are garrisoned at Plas Crûg.

1403-1408

Encyclopedia

Completed in 5 years, the Yongle Encyclopedia will remain the largest until 2010

1404

Castle Captured by Owain IV of Wales

Owain summoned a Parliament at Machynlleth and had himself crowned 'Owain IV of Wales'
Envoys from France, Scotland and Castile promise to help the Welsh independence movement.
Owain Glyndwr captures Aberystwyth Castle.

1405

Troops for Treaty

French troops land in Wales in order to help Owain Glyndwr.
Charles VI of France seals treaty with Owain Glyndwr at Aberystwyth Castle.

1407

Black Death

Black Death kills thousands in London.

Don't Shoot he Messenger

Prince Henry (Later Henry V) besieges the castle and experiments with the use of cannon. The cannon, nicknamed 'Messagere' (The Messenger), was cast is bronze, weighed 4480lbs (2032kg) and threw shot of 30 lbs (13.5kg), however as the art of bronze casting cannon wasn't yet perfected in Britain, this cannon burst and the siege failed.

1408

Captured

Prince Henry captures Aberystwyth Castle from which time it remained under English control.

1415

October 25: Agincourt

Battle of Agincourt where an English army defeats the French. One excuse for the battle was as revenge for French support for Owain Glyndwr
Over the next 4 years Henry V of England takes over Normandy

French Prisoners

Henry V uses Aberystwyth Castle to hold French prisoners captured at Agincourt.

1420

Henry of France and England

Henry V of England enters Paris and rules both France and England. He's made peace with the Duke of Burgundy and married the daughter of Charles VI of France.

1428

Monks Goaled

John ap Rhys, the Abbot of Aberconway, raids Strata Florida Abbey. After looting the place he gaols some of the monks at Aberystwyth Castle.

1433

China hides

China ends overseas exploration and remains isolated for several centuries

1435

Moveable Type

Dutch printers use moveable type.

1437

French Paris

Charles VII of France takes Paris from the English.

1444

Dracula

Dracula, the 13 year old son of the Wallachian Prince Dracul is taken hostage by the Ottoman Sultan Murad II.

1448

Transylvania

Dracula escapes and assumes his fathers throne. Realising that he is unsafe, he abdicates after just a few months and travels to Moldavia and Transylvania.

1450

Slaves, Zimbabwe

The kingdom of Great Zimbabwe starts to disintegrate
Pope Nicholas 'authorizes' the Portuguese to take any non-Christians in Africa as slaves. Over the next 450 years 20 million will be taken.

1453

May 29: Constantinople

Ottoman Empire captures Constantinople bringing to the end the Byzantine era and the Roman Empire (Turkey)

1457

No Football, No Golf

King James II of Scotland bans golf and football because they obstructed the practice of archery

1461

March 4: Edward IV

Edward IV becomes King of England

~1480

1485

August 10: Henry Tudor

Returning from exile in Brittany, Henry Tudor landed in Pembrokeshire on the 7th of August. Being ¼ Welsh and from a popular Anglesey family that hand once supported Owain Glyndewr, he moved North up the coast recruiting for his attempt on the throne of England. He reached Aberystwyth on the 10th of August and Machynlleth on the 11th where he turned East and headed to Shrewsbury and then on to Bosworth

August 22: Henry VII

After victory at the Battle of Bosworth Henry took the crown and became Henry VII King of England and Lord of Ireland