Z3 the 1st programmable computer (Its switching elements are electromechanical relays) in Germany
Enrico Fermi's team produce 1st controlled self-sustaining fusion reaction.
Colossus the 1st all-electronic programmable computer (Its switching elements are electronic vacuum tubes) in England. Programming was done by rewiring a plugboard. It was developed to help crack, war time, secret codes.
Living locally Welsh novelist and playwright Caradoc Evans died.
An outbreak of typhoid feaver in Aberystwyth that killed 4 people and put many dozens in the local hospitals was traced to a single barrel of locally made ice-cream.
Cooking using microwaves patented by Percy Spencer of the American military contractor called the Raytheon Company. It would take over 20 years to refine the device into a domestic product.
1st transistor built by Bardeen, Shockley, Brattain in USA
'Baby' the 1st computer to store both data and programs in its main memory runs its 1st program
Railways were nationalised
Electricity suppliers were nationalised
Population 9315 Inhabited houses 2471
Pantycelyn hall opened - extended in 1953 & 1967
Integrated Circuit devised by Geoffrey Dummer in England (cf working device in 1958)
Computer trackball invented in Canada (cf the computer mouse of 1963)
1st Computer Video Game (noughts and crosses) at Cambridge University in England
National Eisteddfod held in Aberystwyth
A trapped layer of air over London does not permit the pollution to escape. Freezing fog made thicker every day by the trapped chimney fumes causes breathing difficulties for many vulnerable people. The Great Smog causes 4000 excess deaths during these 4 days and another 8000 excess death in the following few months.
Although isolated over 80 years earlier the structure of the biological polymer in the center of cells was not known. Borrowing heavily on other peoples experimental results J. Watson and F. Crick were able to find the structure of DNA.
Goronwy Rees becomes the only local to have been appointed Aberystwyth university principal.
Founded in 1919, the Welsh Plant Breading Station moves out of the university to its own site (Plas Gorgerddan) 4km north of Aberystwyth.
(In 2008 it would become part of the university again.)
The IBM successfully tests a disk drive
Cardiff was declared the capital city of Wales
British Chess Championships held in Aberystwyth.
The Queen arrives in Aberystwyth to open the - finally - completed National Library of Wales and the Milford Laboratories of the Welsh Plant Breeding Station. (The National Library of Wales has been added to several times over the years as shelf space runs out).
TWW (Television Wales & the West) got the franchise to produce local programs for the region
Town Clock condemned as unsafe and pulled down. Many town's people remember that it proved much more difficult to demolish than expected. (The clock mechanism is now in the Museum)
From Kazakhstan the Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1 the 1st man made satellite.
Whilst transmuting materials for a H-bomb a Nuclear reactor catches fire at Windscale in England. Officially played down at the time, this would remain world's worst nuclear accident for 22 years.
The university principal, locally born Goronwy Rees, is forced to resign.
Royal Welsh Show held at Blaendolau is flooded 1m deep
Fire damages town hall - the rebuilt town hall is the one we have today
Building of Rheidol hydroelectric power station.
Demonstration of the 1st integrated circuit (cf devised in 1952)
The Soviet spacecraft Luna 2 becomes the 1st man made object to reach the moon
The Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 got the 1st images of the dark side of the moon
A red dragon on a green and white background is made the official flag of Wales
Biology building opened on Penglais campus